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皮劃艇技能教程 足掛式救援

皮劃艇,從北美洲愛斯基摩人的獨木舟發展而來,它是青少年探索自然很棒的方式。近年在國內發展迅速,目前以一日活動偏多,也有部分對於青少年的技能認證培訓,還有多日挑戰類型,如山河勇士中的120km黃河漂流。
黃河漂流學校將對皮劃艇基礎技能學習進行較為系統的刊載,內容涵蓋:基本動作配合和復位自救技術。非常感謝“澎逸皮劃艇”提供教程內容。

足掛式救援 Heel hook rescue
讓不小心覆艇的劃艇者重新坐回艇艙有很多種方法。哪一種方法最好?要視具體情況而定。這裏,我們來介紹一種足掛式救援方法。這與有名的“X”式救援相比,本方法更靈活,對劃艇者的上身力量和身體靈活性要求也相對更低。

讓劃艇者重新坐回艙內前清空覆艇中的水是個好主意。清水的方法在教程“輔助清空皮艇”中有詳細的步驟說明。接下來,我們逐步展示足掛式救援的方法。
There are numerous different methods to assist an unfortunate paddler back to kayak. The best technique depends on the situation. The technique that we are now about to learn is called "heel hook rescue". It is one of the most reliable techniques. And for example, if compared to more famous x-rescue, the heel hook requires a lot less upper body strength and flexibility.
Note that it might be a good idea to empty the kayak from most of the water before the paddler gets back in. The method for emptying the kayak is explained in tutorial Assisted kayak emptying. On the next pages we will see the heel hook rescue done step by step.

皮劃艇技能教程 足掛式救援

參與救援的劃艇者靠近已經清完水的皮劃艇,最好讓兩艘艇的方向相反並挨在一起,兩艇之間將會形成一個小角度。參與救援的夥伴負責保管兩人的船槳,將槳放置於兩艇之間,確保船槳不會丟失。這樣救援者就可以騰出雙手,抓好被救者的艇艙前緣,救援者身體傾向被救援艇的一側,壓好被救援者的艇。
The helper places the kayak right next to the swimmer's kayak so that the kayaks bows point to opposite directions. Then the helper takes the swimmers paddle and puts both of the paddles on his lap. There they are safe and leave both hands free so that the helper can take a firm grip over the swimmer's kayak's cockpit coaming. The swimmer positions himself to the other side of his own kayak, right behind the cockpit.

皮劃艇技能教程 足掛式救援

落水的艇友需要從自己艇後座艙的位置越過,抓緊施救艇旁邊的甲板繩,或是對方的座艙邊緣。落水者順勢自己的一只腳伸入自己的艇中,用腳跟勾住座艙。
The swimmer places his arms on the rear deck of his own kayak and takes a grip from the helper's kayak, either from the deck ropes or from the cockpit coaming. Then the swimmer pulls his upper body on the rear deck and simultaneously swings the other leg inside the cockpit and hooks the heel inside the cockpit, right under the front deck.

皮劃艇技能教程 足掛式救援

此時,被救者很容易利用腿部的力量,讓自己的身體翻上皮劃艇。請註意,這一過程需要救援者用力抓住被救艇,被救援者也要避免使用突然性的快速動作。
After the heel is hooked inside, it is fairly easy for the swimmer to pull himself on the rear deck by using his leg muscles. Remember that this phase may require a lot of strength from the helper, so swimmer should avoid doing any fast movements.

皮劃艇技能教程 足掛式救援

被救者翻上自己的皮劃艇後,將雙腳伸入座艙,調整好坐姿。此時,救援者需要確保兩艘艇始終挨在一起,待被救艇中的積水完全排完,被救援者穿好防水裙、拿好自己的槳,做好劃行準備後再松開,救援結束。
The swimmer moves his both legs to cockpit and carefully turns himself back to sitting position. The helper keeps the kayaks together until the swimmer gets his spray skirt secured and pumps the remaining water out with a water pump or bailer.

皮劃艇技能教程 足掛式救援

完整的运作動畫

皮劃艇技能教程 足掛式救援

隨江河漂流四方
 Drifting away with the rivers
知萬物源遠流長
 Knowing that everything has a long history

2020,我們江河見!
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